Read the article titled, The Role of Information Systems in Healthcare: Current Research and Future Trends” and write a summary that explains your understanding of the article and recommendations on how health information systems can better improve the health care system.
Discussion Assignment Expectations
- Support discussion ideas with peer-reviewed material garnered from at least 1 scholarly article.
- When applicable, provide references and citations in APA formatting style.
*AFTER COMPLETION MUST RESPOND TO 2/3 CLASSMATES, PRICE INCLUDED1
Role of Health Information Systems in Health Care
In the article, Robert Fichman, Rajiv Kohli, and Ranjani Krishnan discussed the role of the Health Information System in Health Care on the medical, social, and economic points related to the diagnosis providing and financial transactions. The main argument of the article indicates the future indispensability of the IS utilization in Health Care system regarding the optimization of the medical process, which will benefit the medical staff and clients’ recuperation. The authors support the claim stating that the involvement of the IS promotes the reduction of treatment costs caused by the mechanized data recording. Moreover, the adaptation of IS leads to the successful outperformance of the challenges related to the hierarchical nature of healthcare, which implies the physicians’ appropriate implementation of technology for the process of examination, treatment, and rehabilitation program elaboration, which intensifies the adherence of the medical professional to the client-centered orientation. Finally, IS deals with the privacy concern, which presents the obligation of the medical professional to ensure the security of the patient’s data to avoid the leakage of information as the issue of data loss deals with PHI, which can follow the court procedures. Hence, the authors lead to the point that the utilization of the Information Systems will optimize the quality of medical service due to the improvement of the data transfer, diagnosis and treatment program creation, and reduction of the cost of service.
1. According to Fichman, Kohli, and Krishnan (2011), the utilization of IS enhances the risk of patients’ data leakage, which captures media attention and violates security regulations. Regarding the presented perspective the recommendation implies ensuring IS with encryption, which will provide anonymity of the clients’ data and its automatic deletion in case of hacking attack. In this case, addressing the program of the identity based anonymization represents a reasonable solution of the privacy preservation as it encodes and removes patients’ identifiable information from the data set and means that the necessary information is visible for the clients/medical professionals and deleted for the hackers (Abouelmehdi, Beni Hessane, & Khalouﬁ, 2018).
2. Fichman, Kohli, and Krishnan (2011) state that the medical professionals apply IS during the process of treatment program creation, which aims to enhance patients’ satisfaction. However, the principal challenge of the presented point specifies the necessity of the correct assessment of the clients’ clinical history. Regarding the mentioned perspective, the recommendation means the elaboration of the separate Patient Data Analysis information system. PDA-IS utilizes the query engine, that implies the generation of standard and ad-hoc analytical patient and service-centric queries, which promotes the qualified analysis of the patients’ health condition and enhances his/her satisfaction with the quality of medical service (Sammon, O’Connor, & Leo, 2009, 103).
Abouelmehdi, K., Beni-Hessane, A., & Khalouﬁ, H. (2018). Big healthcare data: preserving security and privacy. Journal of Big Data, 5(1). doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40537-017-0110-7
Fichman, R., Kohli, R., & Krishnan, R. (2011). The role of Information Systems in Healthcare: Current research and future trends. Information Systems Research, 22(3), 419–428.
Sammon, D., O’Connor, K., & Leo, J. (2009). The Patient Data Analysis Information System: Addressing data and information quality issues. The Electronic Journal Information Systems Evaluation, 12(1), 95–108.
Role of Health Information Systems in Health Care
Information technology is rapidly growing in healthcare. It allows for numerous technologies to interface to create complete electronic health records, patient accessible health records, a more educated patient population, and even improve patient outcomes. Many have which become the standard of care. Technology advances can be found in social media, evidence-based medicine, and personalized medicine.
Social media has affected multiple generations of people. While some physicians will laugh at patients that walk into their office with an article relating the list of symptoms they googled. People now have the ability through the internet to educate themselves regarding their health. This is changing medicine. Social media provides a platform for disease victims to connect and share stories regarding their treatments and outcomes (Fichman, Kohli, & Krishnan, 2011). While all the information may not be correct it has forced physicians to become smarter in developing care plans. One way to they can do this is through evidence-based medicine (EBM).
Evidence-based medicine has become a concept that physicians have grabbed on to. Through information technology evidence-medicine has become more readily available. While the concept is not new the accessibility of relevant clinical studies is. Hospitals and physicians can collaborate care pathways based on evidence and implement them through information technologies for standardization of care. This has become increasing more important with such chronic illnesses as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), and Congestive Heart Failure (CHF). These practices improve quality of care and costs (Fichman, Kohli, & Krishnan, 2011). However, there are barriers. These include reluctant due to personal incentives and lack of autonomy.
Personalized medicine is a newer concept than EBM. It is using one’s genetics to cure disease. However, the most notable successes come from the oncology arena and warfarin (Fichman et al., 2011). Payers have become more accepting of this practice, but it has not become the standard. This research has helped physicians treat certain cancers in more cost-effective manner. The fear of this concept is that genetic discrimination may occur over time. Precluding people from career opportunities or even insurance coverage. Currently it is illegal in the United States. Additional advancements in technologies are being used with inpatient practices as well.
These advancements are just the beginning. Information technologies in health care such as eICU, Phillips, and the Netherlands have reached hospitals in the United States. This platform of advance telehealth utilization within Intensive Care Units have reduced mortality rates (Kahn, L, Barnoto, & Hravnak, 2017). This system not only allows interaction between providers but allows vitals to be monitored and analysis. Thus, creating data that can compared nationally to benchmark practices. Resulting in less ventilator days, renal complications, and lessen the length of stay. Proof that information systems in healthcare is an important aspect of the future of healthcare.
Fichman, R. G., Kohli, R., & Krishnan, R. (2011). The Role of Information Systems in Healthcare: Current Research and Future Trends. Retrieved from: http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.trident.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=1&sid=c46df7a6-f3c6-411e-b535-4786527ed78b%40pdc-v- sessmgr05
Kahn, J. M., Le, T. Q., Barnoto, A. E., & Hravnak, M. (2017). ICU Telemedicine and Critical Care Mortality: A National Effectiveness Study. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4752864/