What is the “4-2-1” problem in China? What is the likely impact of the “One Child” policy and the cultural preference for males on the long-term care situation in China? What steps is China taking to address this situation?
The “4-2-1 problem in China is the concern of having the support for the older people in china since there are four grandparents to two parents to one child. The child will have the responsible to care for the 4 grandparents and the two parents with out the support from other siblings. The likely impact to the one child policy is that the fertility rates in china dropped. According to, Zhang (2017) “The one-child policy was also enacted at almost the same time as China’s market-oriented economic reforms that triggered several decades of rapid growth, which would also tend to reduce fertility rates.” (para 1). From the impact of the one child policy there are more men than women I china which would impact males for long-term care as less females are available to care for the men. According to, Weldon & Kähler (2013) “This two-child policy took effect on January 1, 2016, and was expected to lead to the birth of approximately eight million more babies per year.” (para 9). With china now allowing families to have at least two children this will help populate more females for future generations.
Complete the “Facts on Aging” quiz at: http://aging.umkc.edu/quiz/. How well did you do on the quiz? How well do you think the average American would do on this quiz? How can we combat ageist stereotypes and misconceptions among the public?
Weldon, L. L., & Kähler, K. N. (2013). Population-control and one-child policies. Salem Press Encyclopedia,
Zhang, J. (2017). The Evolution of China’s One-Child Policy and Its Effects on Family Outcomes†. Journal Of Economic Perspectives, 31(1), 141-160.